UC RUSAL Sustainability report 2015

Climate change

Climate Change

Approach СПМ

The problem of the impact of emissions on the climate remains one of the priority issues for UC RUSAL. In 2007 the Company initiated the Strategy for a Safe Future, the initiative aimed at reducing atmospheric impacts and minimising the effects on the climate. In 2008 the Company joined members of the UN Global Compact "Caring for Climate: The Business Leadership Platform". Taking into account the goal achieved in 2014 on the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, UC RUSAL in anticipation of the 21st UN Framework Conference on Climate Change in Paris, publically released five goals in the area of climate change, aimed at reducing the carbon footprint from electrical energy generated using fossil fuels, improving energy efficiency and reducing greenhouse gas emissions, introduction of "green" technologies, new environmental standards and a number of other measures.

Five strategic goals of RUSAL related to greenhouse gas emission in 2016 - 2025

By 2020:

The share of purchased electrical energy produced without carbon emissions, for the Russian enterprises of the Company

by 3400 GWhhttps://cdn4.iconfinder.com/data/icons/electricity/500/Energy_lightning_power_electric_electricity-512.png

Reduction of annual energy consumption for aluminium smelters, compared to the level in 2011

by 3400 GWhhttps://cdn4.iconfinder.com/data/icons/electricity/500/Energy_lightning_power_electric_electricity-512.png

By 2025:

Reduction of specific greenhouse gas emissions from electrolysis production as compared to the level in 2014


Reduction of specific greenhouse gas emissions from alumina production compared to the level in 2014


Production of at least 85% of the Company's primary aluminium with low carbon footprint

Not more than 6 t СО2 per 1 t Alhttp://pixabay.com/static/uploads/photo/2012/04/25/00/02/cloud-41256_640.png


Measures to reduce carbon footprint

More than 90% of RUSAL’s aluminium production in is fuelled by the use of pure renewable hydropower. Bratskaya, Irkutskaya, Ust-Ilimskaya, Krasnoyarskaya, Sayano-Shushenskaya and Boguchanskaya HPPs in Siberia ensure operation of the key enterprises of RUSAL.

RUSAL reduces its share of purchased carbon-intensive electric energy in production, which fully corresponds to the basic principles of the 21st UN Framework Conference on Climate Change in Paris.

Sources of electric energy

Within the framework of the existing agreement with the International Aluminium Institute (IAI), UC RUSAL conducts an annual monitoring of GHG emissions and energy consumption in primary aluminium production, energy consumption in foundries and in alumina production, as well as the use of anodes and anode paste.

In 2015 UC RUSAL joined the global initiative CDP (Carbon Disclosure Project), and together with other leading companies of the world has committed itself to disclosure of the information surrounding its greenhouse gas emissions. The information on greenhouse gas emissions in aluminium, alumina and silicon plants was published within the context of the preparation of the annual report on CDP.

In the previous reporting period, work has been conducted on improving the methodology for calculating direct emissions of greenhouse gases, and works have started on the development of new methods for calculating the Company’s carbon footprint in aluminium production and the calculation of indirect emissions from the generation of purchased electric energy. Moreover, within the year 2016 the Company plans to implement measures for calculating its carbon footprint in primary aluminium production. In fact, the Company has initiated prematurely the establishment of a greenhouse gas accounting system which, in accordance with the Russian laws, should start operating in 2017 at the enterprises with emissions of 150 thousand CO2e per year. G4-EC2




Reduction in direct greenhouse gas emissions created during the reduction process at UC RUSAL enterprises[24]



СО2 (t)



reduction %, t СО2 equiv.

(t CO2 equivalent)

(t CO2 equivalent)

vs. 1990



























Carbon intensity СО2equiv. per tonne of aluminium,  tonnes



One of the goals of the Strategy for a Safe Future adopted in 2007 presupposed the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from aluminium smelters by 50% by the year 2015 as compared to 1990. This goal was achieved in 2014 – the indicator reached 56%. In 2015 the Company did not exceed the level of 50% vs. the level of 1990.

Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions was achieved as a result of the improvement of technology practices, the properties of used raw materials, as well as modernization of production and closing the plants with inefficient capacities.

In 2015 the Company continues to implement activities to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. Apart from the main production facilities, the enterprises specializing in alumina and silicon production also launched their work on monitoring and analyzing greenhouse gas emissions.


Participation of RUSAL in the Russian Partnership for Climate Protection

In anticipation of the 21st UN Framework Conference on Climate Change in Paris in 2015, RUSAL, together with other Russian companies took the initiative to unite the efforts of their domestic businesses to reduce the impact on the environment and prevent climate change, by supporting the Russian Partnership for Climate Protection Program and signing the corresponding appeal. (See also Section “Stakeholder Relations”).

Russian companies at the conference supported the international negotiation process with a proposal for a legally binding agreement, which will allow countries to assume joint responsibility for climate change. Such agreement involves a single, universal format of obligations for all countries, common mechanisms to ensure the implementation of these commitments, as well as full monitoring of their performance. Participants of the initiative will advocate equal conditions of international competition for all participants in this process, and offer to introduce market-based mechanisms to encourage business to transfer to new production technology.

In their turn, the companies, by signing the appeal have made the commitment: strive to release the products complying with the principles of a low-carbon "green" economy.