The occupational health of employees and the industrial and fire safety of production processes and production facilities remain a continuing priority for UC RUSAL.
Based on UC RUSAL’s ethical principles and standards in the area of occupational health, industrial and fire safety (OHIFS), all employees of the Company, from specialist to director, must:
· recognise their personal responsibility for their life and health and for the lives and health of those around them;
· be aware of the risks inherent in their activity;
· promote, by personal example, safe behaviour by their colleagues and contractors.
UC RUSAL’s activity to ensure safe working conditions and to reduce work-related illness and injuries is regulated by the Declaration on the UC RUSAL Occupational Health, Industrial and Fire Safety Policy adopted in 2014, which takes into account changing Russian legislative requirements relating to OHIFS.
In 2015 a series of new documents related to such issues as OHIFS has been adopted, which include:
To meet OHIFS requirements, the Company is governed by the following goals and principles:
· Life and health of a human being are more important than production or economic performance.
· Full integration of the health and safety management system into the overall business management and production activities.
· All accidents are preventable.
· Compliance with the law is a mandatory and necessary prerequisite for UC RUSAL operations.
· The competence and responsibility of our employees is the key to achieving safety at work.
· The safe behaviour of employees is to be encouraged and promoted.
· Mutually beneficial relations with suppliers and contractors.
· Monitoring and assessment of occupational health, industrial and fire safety indicators.
· To strive for zero injuries, zero emergencies and zero fires.
· To ensure the compliance of equipment and production processes with legal and regulatory requirements related to occupational health, industrial and fire safety.
· To ensure personnel safety and health at workplaces, improving the workplace environment on an ongoing basis in order to increase the level of safety.
· To prevent occupational diseases.
As part of its training, UC RUSAL implements a number of topic-orientated Programs aimed at drawing additional attention to occupational safety at production facilities.
The project to improve the quality of crane operator internships at SAZ
The project to improve the quality of crane operator internships was developed and implemented to improve the quality of crane operator internships and to reduce the risk of incidents during loading and unloading work. As part of the project’s implementation, vocational training foremen were appointed that have passed a special training Program on the topics "Training and mentorship", "Hoisting device operating safety" and "Accidents and injuries on hoisting devices".
Two special crane training simulators were installed at the enterprise to allow practical skills to be obtained outside of actual production activity. Internship Programs updated as part of the project stipulate that interns are only granted access to equipment after completing the required number of hours on the stimulator and passing a practical examination using the simulator. As a result of using the new approach, the quality of crane operator internships was improved and the risk of wrong (unprofessional) actions when fulfilling works was minimized. The project proved to be effective and continued in 2015.
To lower the injury rate during work with loading equipment, the OHIFS division at NGZ developed the Forklift Safety Project. A staff survey with questionnaires was issued as part of the project to assess working conditions and a number of proactive measures were developed. According to the initial results, the project will contribute to the improvement of working conditions and safety at the enterprise, along with injury prevention, and will improve the production fixed assets. As a result, the measures were adopted the risks were minimized during work with forklifts. The Company registered no accidents involving forklifts in 2015.
Analysis of third parties injuries at UC RUSAL railroads in Guinea has highlighted a key problem, which lies in the unauthorized access to railway lines during trains passing and use of the railways by the local population for cross traffic flow. In order to reduce the risk of injury the Company carries out works to raise awareness and adopts measures to install rail crossings and establish rail security in cooperation with the national police authorities. Implementation of this project led to a planned reduction in the level of injuries on the railways. This project has become more important due to the conclusion in 2015 by UC RUSAL of a multilateral agreement on the use of the existing railroad infrastructure in Boke province within the Dian-Dian investment project and plans to restart the Friguia complex.
Since a significant portion of all injuries are connected with quarrying and producing alumina, especially working at heights, the Company adopts special measures to reduce on-the-job injuries due to falls when moving and working at heights.
In particular, the Preventing Falls Project stipulates measures to analyse the causes and factors causing falls during movements at mine workings, to identify potential hazards that can lead to falls, investigate traveling methods at horizontal, vertical and sloping mine workings and to train employees with a review of actual injuries at the enterprise’s mines.
The Safe Mine Project stipulates risk assessment training for directors and specialists, identifying and determining the magnitude of risks in all lines of business and their assessment, developing and implementing measures to mitigate risks and to reduce work-related illnesses, whilst establishing practical measures to reduce the amount of manual labour at the mine. The evidence of the project effectiveness is the reduced lost time accident frequency rate (LTAFR), down by 44% in 2015.
The enterprise began implementing the Division Safety Data Sheet Project in 2014. This project is dedicated to carrying out a comprehensive assessment of a division’s occupational health, industrial and fire safety activities, using a number of objective indicators. Each indicator is assigned a score, making it possible to determine the overall safety level at a division.
The measures under this project enable the number of occupational health violations by an employee to be recorded during their work at the enterprise, determining the contribution of an individual employee using occupational safety criteria, evaluating the work of a specific division and assessing the level of safety at directorate level. The goal has been achieved in terms of zero injuries level at the enterprises in 2015.
Collective bargaining agreements are concluded with the majority of the Company’s employees. Such agreements contain the provisions related to health and safety (occupational health), thus providing an opportunity to improve the OHIFS management system. The content of collective bargaining agreements must be agreed with trade unions.
Having their own representatives in trade unions, the employees are involved in taking decisions on occupational health issues. Each enterprise has its Occupational Health Representatives from the Trade unions, who take part in the corresponding measures. They form occupational health committees (commissions) with the administration representatives on a parity basis". G4-LA5, G4-LA8
The Company continues its active work to prevent, respond and mitigate the consequences of emergencies.
The Company operates an emergency public address and alert system, where the risk of emergencies arising is assessed, and action plans to prevent emergencies and emergency response plans are drafted. Recognising the danger that emergencies pose, the Company has the necessary Regulations in place to notify management about emergencies occurring during the course of the Company’s work, and it helps to maintain a high level of preparedness of both manpower and equipment for emergency response and rescue operations. Some enterprises have their own fire and rescue units with trained personnel and the corresponding protective equipment. In other cases, the enterprises enter into contracts with public and private entities to assist in emergency response and fire protection.
Timan Bauxite has a supporting mine rescue team to eliminate possible emergencies. It was formed from the specialist physically trained miners, who passed special training. Previously, the enterprise had acquired a new fire truck equipped with the latest rescue equipment. Middle Timan Bauxite Mine organized the training of mine rescuers in June, during the course of which the rescuers perfected their firefighting skills. Such training will be held for the mine rescue team on a monthly basis. Similar units operate on AGK and SUBR.
Other enterprises were also preparing for emergency situations, especially during fire hazardous spring. Specialists check the availability of the firefighting equipment, as well as equipment including alarms, whilst organising fire-fighting exercises. In total 64 joint training sessions were held by the Company’s enterprises together with the Ministry of Emergency Situations units in 2015.
In order to prevent the occurrence of any emergencies, enterprises of the Company monitor all dangerous situations. Monthly reports contain data on identified situations, indicating the effectiveness of remedial actions adopted.